Gynecomastia in men is often caused by an imbalance of the hormones testosterone and estrogen.
If you are exposed to this case, do not be shy. You can find the solution at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada.
Plastic surgery doctors in our medical center offer the perfect solution to treat such cases with ease and without any risks.
In this article, we will learn about the causes of gynecomastia in men, and what are the appropriate ways to treat it?
What is gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is a common condition that causes enlarged male breast tissue and is the most common breast disorder.
It affects between 50 and 651 TP2T men worldwide.
It can appear at all ages, but it usually occurs in newborns, at puberty, and in old age.
- at birth
More than half of males are born with symptoms of gynecomastia, and this condition is caused by the mother's estrogen levels.
These symptoms often go away within a few weeks.
- at puberty
Some teens have an enlarged breast in puberty due to changing hormones, including low testosterone and excess estrogen.
This condition disappears when hormone levels are equal, and this process takes about six months to two years to complete.
- When getting old
Breast tissue enlarges and is more common in men over the age of 50. As men age, their bodies produce less testosterone.
They may also have more fat, which stimulates more estrogen production and breast tissue growth than they otherwise would.
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Symptoms of gynecomastia and how it affects the shape of the body?
Gynecomastia can be seen as a button-sized growth under the nipple. You may be able to see this as a lump in the breast or feel it when pressure is applied to the area.
The lump may move easily within the breast tissue or be tender to the touch. These lumps occur in one or both breasts.
What are the causes of gynecomastia in men?
Many things can cause gynecomastia, and often the exact cause is unknown.
An imbalance between the hormones estrogen and androgen usually leads to gynecomastia, a benign (non-cancerous) condition.
Obesity also causes the breasts to swell in men due to excess fatty tissue, and this condition is known as “pseudo gynecomastia.”
It can perform Some medical conditions To the occurrence of gynecomastia in men include the following:
- adrenal gland tumors
- Diseases affecting the testicles.
- Some types of cancer, especially lung or pituitary tumors.
- Kidney disease or kidney failure.
- Klinefelter syndrome (hereditary condition)
- Liver diseases.
- Thyroid diseases, because the hormones of that gland control growth and sexual development.
It can cause eating some medicine In the occurrence of gynecomastia in men, these drugs are used to treat some diseases, including:
- Prostate enlargement.
- Anxiety and depression (eg, diazepam).
- Bacterial and fungal infections.
- Heartburn, stomach ulcers.
- Heart failure (such as digoxin, lanoxin, or calcium channel blockers).
- Male infertility (as a result of hCG administration) HCG).
- Spinal cord disorders.
- Immunity deficiency Virus.
as that some medicine They also cause breast enlargement and include:
- Amphetamines, marijuana, and opiates.
- Steroids used to build muscle.
- Tea tree oils and lavender oil found in herbal supplements.
- Ulcer medicines such as cimetidine.
- Medicines used to empty the stomach such as metoclopramide (Reglan).
- some antibiotics.
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Diagnosis of gynecomastia in men
Gynecomastia can be diagnosed by a doctor by evaluating your symptoms, performing a physical exam, and reviewing your medical and family history.
He may also recommend a blood test to check hormone levels since both gynecomastia and breast cancer cause lumps in the breast.
He may also order some tests, including the following:
- urine tests.
- Liver function tests.
- A small sample of breast tissue (biopsy) may be done to check for cancer cells and make sure you don't have cancer.
- Ultrasound of the breast to display detailed images of breast growth.
- A mammogram to check for unusual growth or changes in breast tissue.
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Complications of gynecomastia in men
Recent studies show that men with gynecomastia have a slightly higher risk of developing breast cancer.
You should tell your doctor right away any time you feel or notice unusual breast changes, including the following symptoms:
- Severe breast pain or lumps in the breast tissue.
- Itching in the breast or armpit area.
- Discharge from the nipple.
Ways to prevent gynecomastia
You cannot prevent many of the hormonal changes that cause gynecomastia.
But if needed, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing enlarged breasts by replacing medications or finding treatment for your alcohol use disorder.
How can gynecomastia be treated in men?
Most cases get better on their own without treatment.
You can consult a plastic surgeon at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada.
After the initial examination, the doctor determines whether a drug or other substance caused the breast enlargement, and then he or she will decide if you need to change the drug or stop using it.
If the disease is the cause, the swelling should go away with the treatment of this disease.
Your doctor may refer you to an endocrinologist, who treats problems with hormones and how they affect your body.
Some people, on rare occasions, need breast reduction surgery when medications haven't responded or surgery is the best solution.
Breast reduction surgery is a reconstruction of the shape, size, appearance and proportion of the natural breast.
This surgery takes place under general anesthesia, and there are 3 types of treatment techniques, including the following:
- Liposuction technique (removal of excess fat in the breast).
- Surgical removal of excess tissue.
- Combined two steps (liposuction and surgery).
Is gynecomastia surgery permanent?
The results can be permanent if this surgery is performed by a specialist surgical specialist who has sufficient experience to deal with these conditions.
These surgeries are performed by the plastic surgeon at Nadara Skin, Cosmetic and Laser Center in Hurghada to give you many years of satisfaction and self-confidence.
The surgeon removes the breast glandular tissue during the procedure, so regrowth is very unusual.
The procedure takes between 2 to 3 hours, and most men can return to their normal activities within just two weeks.
You can start doing light exercise such as walking and cycling after 1-2 weeks.
Heavy lifting or intense physical activity should be avoided, and this may take two to three months.
Such surgeries do not cause any kind of serious complications.
In conclusion, if you want to get rid of the annoying symptoms of gynecomastia in men and restore your self-confidence, do not hesitate to book an appointment at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada.