Skin blemishes vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and they may or may not be painful.
Some of them cause subtle changes to the skin, and others can be life-threatening.
The dermatologists at Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada can help you get rid of all these imperfections that affect your skin.
In this article, we will learn about the causes of skin defects, their symptoms, and how to get rid of them?
What are skin defects?
The skin is the large organ that covers and protects the body. It has multiple functions, as it works on the following:
- Retains fluids and prevents dehydration.
- They help you feel sensations such as temperature or pain.
- They protect you from bacteria, viruses and other causes of infection.
- Balance body temperature.
- Contributes to the synthesis of vitamin D in response to exposure to sunlight.
Skin imperfections include all conditions that lead to clogged, irritated, or inflamed skin.
These blemishes often cause a rash or other changes in the appearance of your skin.
Types of skin
Skin type varies from person to person and depends on several things such as: the amount of water in the skin, and how sensitive it is.
The types include:
- Normal skin.
- Combination skin.
- oily skin.
- Sensitive skin.
- dry skin;
Causes of skin blemishes
Certain lifestyle factors can lead to skin disorders, and underlying health conditions can affect your skin.
Common causes include:
- Bacteria that are found in the follicles or hair follicles.
- Conditions that affect the thyroid gland, kidneys, or immune system.
- Genetic factors.
- Presence of some environmental triggers such as allergens.
- Fungi or parasites that live on the skin.
- Some medicines, such as those used to treat a disease IBD enteritis.
- Exposure to harmful sunlight.
- Infection with certain types of viruses.
Symptoms of skin defects
Symptoms vary greatly depending on what condition you have, and permanent skin changes are not caused by these defects.
But when changes appear without a known cause, they may be related to an underlying condition and cause:
- Discolored skin patches (abnormal pigmentation).
- skin dryness.
- The appearance of some ulcers or skin lesions.
- peeling of the skin;
- Skin rash, including itching or pain.
- Bumps that are red, white, or filled with pus.
- skin roughness;
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Mixed skin defects
Mixed skin is characterized by the presence of some symptoms, which are:
- The presence of greasy and dry patches on the skin
And to know if you have combination skin or not? Wash your face and let it dry, then wait an hour.
Does your skin look oily in the jawline area, but is normal or dry on your cheeks?
If so, you likely have combination skin.
- suffer from dehydration
This is caused by the increased production of skin oils, which increases the chance of Acne Casual and light.
It often occurs during hormonal fluctuations such as menstruation, and blemishes tend to be concentrated in the area where the sebaceous glands are most active.
The areas around the cheeks, jawline, and hair remain dry.
- You have larger pores on the nose, chin, and forehead
It occurs as a result of overactivity of the sebaceous gland, which leads to the accumulation of sebum (a waxy oily substance that protects and moisturizes the skin) inside the pores.
This eventually causes the skin to stretch, giving it an enlarged appearance.
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Oily skin defects
Oily skin is characterized by large pores, brighter and thicker skin, and blackheads and pimples usually appear.
People with this type of skin experience a lot of shine during the day and usually feel the need to wash their face more often.
The defects can appear as a result of the use of cosmetics, diet, or the result of inherited genes.
One of the benefits of this skin is that it usually ages at a slower pace due to the extra moisture.
This keeps the skin moisturized and makes it less prone to wrinkles.
Sensitive skin defects
Sensitive skin isn't a disease that a doctor can diagnose, and it's usually a symptom of another condition.
You may not know you have sensitive skin until you have had a bad reaction to a cosmetic product like soap, moisturizer, or makeup.
Skin sensitivity appears due to some factors, including the following:
- skin dryness
Dehydration occurs when the skin loses a lot of water and oil due to itching or flaking.
Dehydration can occur anywhere on the body but is especially common in the hands, arms, and legs.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) affects your skin's ability to protect it from irritants such as germs in the air or chemicals.
Symptoms vary from person to person, but you may notice some small bumps where fluid may leak and crust over.
There are some red to gray-brown spots on the skin, and the skin is swollen, scaly, and thickened.
- Irritant contact dermatitis
It is a red rash that develops when the protective layer of the skin is damaged by something you touch.
Its symptoms include:
- Having a red rash.
- The appearance of some signs of burning on the face.
Symptoms of this infection resolve on their own within a few weeks, but if symptoms worsen, they need treatment.
- Allergic contact dermatitis
Less common than contact dermatitis, it occurs when you have an allergic reaction to a particular substance, such as:
- the plants.
- Medicinal preparations.
It is a common skin disease that affects the face, and early signs of infection include redness of the face more easily than in other people.
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Other causes of skin allergies
- Urticaria (hives)
Caused by direct contact with an irritant and symptoms appear in numbness, redness, and bruising on the skin.
The rash in this case is often caused by eating raw foods or sharing cosmetics.
It is defined as an abnormal skin reaction to sunlight, as ultraviolet rays stimulate the immune system.
This results in a rash, blisters, or scaly patches on the skin.
The rash appears only on parts of the body exposed to the sun, and gets worse in spring and summer.
- Cutaneous mastocytosis CM
Obese fat cells build up in the skin, which is part of the immune system, so when they release chemicals that cause swelling.
Its symptoms are small red spots, especially on the arms, legs, or neck.
Dry skin defects
Dry skin may occur as a result of frequent hand washing, frequent use of sanitizer, or exposure to dry weather conditions, hot water, and certain chemicals.
The skin becomes drier with age, especially by the age of 60, as a result of the pores producing less oil naturally.
Dry skin also increases during the fall and winter months when humidity levels are relatively low.
How can skin defects be diagnosed?
The dermatologist at Nudra Skin, Cosmetic and Laser Center in Hurghada can diagnose these defects by visually examining the skin.
If looking at your skin doesn't provide clear answers, your doctor may recommend some tests, including:
It is the removal of a small piece of skin for examination under a microscope.
It consists in taking a sample of the skin to check for bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
- skin patch test
This can be done using small amounts of material to test for sensitivity.
- black light check
Ultraviolet light can be used to see skin pigmentation more clearly.
- dermoscopy Dermoscopy
It is used to examine and diagnose skin lesions using a handheld device called a dermatoscope.
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Ways to get rid of skin blemishes
You can follow the instructions of the dermatologists at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada, with the change in lifestyle.
You may notice significant improvement if you do the following:
- Bathe for 5 to 10 minutes with warm, not hot, water.
- Avoid strong astringents and exfoliants.
- Use a gentle, fragrance-free soap.
- Use essential oils instead of perfume.
- Try to use organic cleaning agents.
- Gently dry yourself after showering instead of rubbing, and apply moisturizer right away.
- Test new products on a small area of skin at least one day before a full application trial.
Acne can be treated with medications such as:
- Antibiotics that kill skin bacteria and reduce redness and inflammation, often combined with benzoyl peroxide.
- Azelaic acid (a natural acid produced by yeast) and salicylic acid.
In the case of moderate to severe infection, you can use:
Not all of these treatments may help, so doctors recommend chemical peels or laser treatments.
Eczema can be treated with topical corticosteroids and antihistamines.
If this treatment does not work, the excimer laser is recommended, which uses ultraviolet rays to treat the affected area.
You can also get rid of blackheads by cleaning the skin with HydraFacial, which gives you glowing skin free of fine threads.
It also helps fight the signs of aging, reduces congestion in skin pores, and reduces hyperpigmentation.
In the end, you can treat various skin defects when you go to the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetology and Laser in Hurghada to consult dermatologists and receive the appropriate treatment.