that Diabetic foot It is common in diabetics, you may be afraid of losing your toe, foot or leg due to diabetes, or you know someone who has it, but you can reduce your chances of getting it by taking care of your feet every day by following up with a doctor of the skin, laser and cosmetic center in Hurghada, and it can also help Managing your blood glucose levels also helps keep your feet healthy.
What is diabetic foot?
Diabetics often have problems with their feet. Diabetic feet develop ulcers, deformities, and infections more easily. If not treated quickly, diabetic foot ulcers or blisters can become inflamed. Sometimes, a surgeon must amputate a toe or The foot or part of the leg in order to prevent the spread of infection.
Who may suffer from foot problems?
Foot problems often occur in people with diabetes, especially among those who have:
- Nerve damage or poor blood flow to the feet.
- Trouble managing blood glucose levels for extended periods, including frequent episodes of hyperglycemia.
- Weight problems.
- Suffering from diabetes for a long time.
- High blood pressure or high cholesterol.
Causes of diabetic foot
Long-term high blood sugar can cause a type of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy can occur all over the body, but most often in the legs and feet.
This condition can make you lose sensation in your feet. If your foot is numb, you may not notice a blister, cut or pain, and you may not even feel a pebble in your sock cutting your foot, for example. Wounds that go untreated can also become infected.
Diabetes can also affect blood flow to your legs and feet. People with diabetes are more likely to develop peripheral artery disease, a condition that causes narrowed or blocked arteries. Reduced flow can also make it difficult to heal a diabetic foot ulcer or infection.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy
Signs of diabetic neuropathy may include:
- Dark skin in the affected area.
- Impairment of the ability to sense heat or cold.
- Hair loss in the area.
If diabetic neuropathy leads to diabetic foot ulcers, symptoms to watch for include:
- Any changes to the skin or nails, including cuts, blisters, calluses, or sores.
- Drainage of fluid or pus.
- bad smell.
- Skin discoloration.
Diabetic foot diagnosis
To diagnose diabetic foot, a health care provider will:
- Ask about your symptoms and how well you control your blood glucose.
- Examine your toes and legs.
- Touch your toes, feet, and legs with different instruments to check if you have numbness.
If a diabetic foot ulcer is present, your health care provider will likely:
- Examine the feet for any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, warmth, discoloration, or discharge.
- Order tests to take deeper images of the skin, such as an X-ray or MRI.
- Take a sample of the skin or secretions to test for infection.
Diabetic foot ulcer treatment
Methods for treating diabetic foot ulcers may include:
- Clean the wound.
- Drainage of any fluid or pus from the ulcer.
- doing debridement; Any removal or cutting of dead or infected tissue.
- Applying dressings and ointments to absorb excess fluid, protect the wound, and help it heal easily.
- Use a wheelchair or crutch to take the weight off the affected foot.
- taking antibiotics orally or intravenously; To control and eliminate the spread of infection.
Depending on the severity of the infection, your health care provider may recommend hospitalization, and sometimes amputation is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading to other parts of the body.
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Prevention of diabetic foot
To avoid high blood sugar and diabetic neuropathy, you must control your blood sugar carefully. You can also reduce your risk of developing diabetic foot problems by:
- Check your feet every day for any changes, don't forget to look between your toes, ask someone for help or use a mirror if necessary.
- Examine the feet with a health care provider at each follow-up visit.
- Keeping your nails trimmed and cooled, cut them straight to prevent toenails from appearing.
- Maintaining blood flow to the feet. For example, keep your feet elevated when sitting, and wiggle your toes often. Stay active, but choose activities that are gentler on the feet, such as walking or swimming.
- Put talcum powder or cornstarch between the toes to prevent moisture buildup.
- Wear socks and shoes all day. Make sure your socks aren't too tight and your shoes fit properly. Some people with diabetes wear therapy shoes or shoe inserts to help prevent cuts or sores.
- Wash your feet every day with warm, not hot, water, and dry them well afterward, including between the toes. Apply cream to the top and bottom of the feet, but not between the toes.
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What other conditions can affect diabetic foot?
People with diabetes can also develop Charcot's foot, a rare complication that can cause permanent disfigurement. in charcot feetNerve damage weakens the bones and joints. Bones can break, and joints can dislocate or collapse.
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Diabetic foot You are at risk of developing ulcers and infections, which may go unnoticed in people with diabetic neuropathy and numbness. If you have diabetes, it is important that you take care of your feet every day and report any problems to your doctor at Nudra Skin, Laser & Cosmetology Center in Hurghada.