that PsoriasisPlaque psoriasis is the most common type, and results in thick, scaly patches of skin that may cause itching and discomfort. Although there is no cure, psoriasis treatment can keep symptoms under control.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes plaques, which are itchy or painful patches of thick, dry and discolored skin. While any part of your body can be affected, psoriasis plaques most often appear on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms and feet. Like other inflammatory diseases, psoriasis occurs when your immune system, which normally attacks infectious germs, begins to attack healthy cells instead.
Types of psoriasis
- Plaque psoriasis: the most common form.
- Pustular psoriasis: a more severe form, and can be painful.
- Diaper psoriasis: characteristically appears in infants between two and eight months of age.
- Guttate psoriasis: mostly found in children.
- Inverse psoriasis: affects the folds of the body and the genital areas.
- Psoriatic erythroderma: a severe form that requires hospitalization.
Is psoriasis the same as eczema?
psoriasis andeczema Two different skin conditions, differing in where the disease appears on the body, how itchy and how it looks. Eczema tends to appear more often behind the knees and inside the elbows, and is more itchy than psoriasis. Many people, especially children, can develop eczema and psoriasis.
Causes of psoriasis
Psoriasis is a problem with the immune system, in which the immune system overreacts, causing inflammation and causing new skin cells to grow too quickly. New skin cells usually grow every 28 to 30 days, but in people with psoriasis, new cells grow and move to the surface of the skin every three to four days. The accumulation of new cells that replace the old cells causes the silvery scales of psoriasis.
Psoriasis runs in families, there may be a genetic component, and parents can pass it on to their children.
Symptoms of psoriasis
In addition to red, scaly patches, symptoms of psoriasis include:
- Cracked dry skin.
- Scaly scalp.
- cutaneous pain;
- cracked nails
- Joint pain.
Possible complications from psoriasis include:
- Skin infections (caused by severe scratching).
- stress and anxiety
- Heart disease.
- Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease).
- joint damage;
Psoriasis is often diagnosed, or at least suspected, based on its appearance and prevalence. However, psoriasis may resemble eczema or other skin conditions and more tests may be needed. It may be necessary to remove a small piece of skin (biopsy) and examine it by a pathologist to confirm the diagnosis. If there are joint symptoms, x-rays may be necessary. X-rays and other laboratory tests are appropriate.
Treatment for psoriasis includes topical therapy, light therapy and other medications, and sometimes, doctors may recommend a combination of treatments.
Topical treatments usually come in the form of creams, shampoos, lotions, gels, or ointments that are applied directly to the skin. Examples of topical treatments include:
- Calcineurin inhibitors, such as tacrolimus, reduce plaques and inflammation.
- Corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone, triamcinolone (Acetonide, Trianex), clobetasol (Timovate).
- Salicylic acid shampoo, it reduces flaking of the scalp.
- Vitamin D, which slows down the growth of skin cells.
Freshness Center for Dermatology, Laser and Cosmetic in Hurghada provides photodynamic therapy, which is the appropriate treatment for moderate to severe psoriasis. The doctor may recommend it alone or with medications. This type of treatment exposes the skin to controlled amounts of artificial or natural light to control psoriasis.
The light source may be natural sunlight, also called solar therapy. Artificial light techniques include broadband and narrowband UVB therapy, psoralen, as well as UVA and targeted laser therapy.
Side effects include dry skin, itchy skin, skin burns, freckles, increased sensitivity to the sun, and an increased risk of skin cancer. Regular moisturizing may help treat itching and dryness.
Psoriasis medications include immunosuppressants and biological agents that suppress the immune system to prevent psoriasis symptoms. These medications reduce the body's ability to fight infection and may cause damage to organs, such as the liver and kidneys.
Home care for psoriasis
Forms of self-medication that may help improve the appearance and feel of affected skin include:
- Take daily baths or add bath oil, oatmeal, or Epsom salts.
- Use a moisturizer (ointment-based moisturizers are best and should be applied immediately after showering).
- Cover the affected areas overnight.
- Expose the affected skin to small amounts of sunlight.
- relaxation therapy (to reduce stress).
- Eat healthy foods.
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There are no specific ways to prevent psoriasis. However, keeping your skin clean and hydrated and avoiding known triggers, if possible, may help reduce the number of flare-ups. It may be helpful to avoid alcohol, quit smoking, and avoid secondhand smoke, and there is also evidence that losing weight can help control psoriasis.
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Prepare Psoriasis One of the chronic immune dermatological diseases, but it does not carry any worries, as the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Laser and Cosmetology has provided you with the most appropriate way to treat your condition of all kinds and severity.