Dark circles under the eyes are a common problem for both men and women, and they are often accompanied by puffiness, making you look older than you really are.
Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada offers the ideal treatment to get rid of these annoying dark circles, as it includes the best specialized dermatologists.
In this article, we will learn about the causes of the appearance of dark circles, their treatment, and also the different methods of prevention.
What are dark circles?
Dark circles look like dark circles under your eyes, they may just be shadows caused by swollen eyelids or hollows.
They vary in color depending on the skin tone and may be blue, black or dark brown.
Causes of dark circles
The area under the eyes can appear darker due to narrowed blood vessels that cause hyperpigmentation or thinning of the skin around the eyes.
All causes of dark circles to appear include:
- Not getting enough sleep or poor sleep habits.
- Allergies, (including hay fever), in which the body produces histamine in response to harmful bacteria, causing itching or redness.
- Hyperpigmentation, which occurs when the body produces more melanin, due to too much exposure to harmful sunlight.
- Decreased tissue levels under the eyes.
- Anemia caused by iron deficiency.
- Frequent eye rubbing.
- Some genetic factors.
- Eye drops treatment for glaucoma such as bimatoprost.
- Eye strain, as a result of staring at a TV or computer screen, which causes the blood vessels around the eyes to swell, causing the skin to darken.
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What are the risk factors that lead to the appearance of dark circles under the eyes?
There are some factors that cause these annoying signs to appear, including the following:
Loss of fatty tissue or thinning of the skin is part of the aging process, and these changes can make dark circles appear more specifically in older adults.
Dark circles are more and more common, especially in people with darker skin.
It affects people of color more than white people.
Some believe that this risk is due to changes in pigmentation.
- Genetic factors
Genetic factors affect the increased appearance of auras, especially if a family member has these signs.
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Types of dark circles
Those auras are divided into the following:
- Vascular halos
It can appear blue or violet, as well as pink.
- pigmentary halos
They appear as brown circles.
- Synthetic auras
The presence of this type of dark circles in the face is associated with less fat under the eyelid.
- mixed auras
It is a mixture of two or more types.
How are dark circles formed?
Congestion of the nasal passages occurs (in the case of AllergyThere is an increased amount of pressure in the nose.
This pressure prevents the blood supplying the superficial part of the face from draining into the heart.
It begins to collect in the veins and capillaries under the eyes, causing the appearance of dark circles.
Methods of prevention
Dermatologists at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetics and Laser in Hurghada recommend that after detection, follow-up, and knowledge of the nature of your skin, follow some steps to prevent the appearance of dark circles, including the following:
- Getting enough sleep, as this helps reduce or prevent the appearance of dark circles.
Elevating the head on additional pillows may reduce swelling around the eyes.
- Eat foods that contain vitamin C, as it moisturizes the skin and promotes tissue health.
- Placing cold compresses on the eyes that constrict blood vessels and reduce the appearance of dark circles.
- A gentle massage around the eye area can help improve blood circulation.
- Use antioxidant skin care products.
- Quit smoking and reduce alcohol consumption, which leads to increased signs of aging and aging.
- Protect eyes from the sun, by wearing sunglasses with UV protection.
- Apply sunscreen around the eyes at least 30 minutes before going outside.
- Stay away from the causes of anxiety and stress.
- Follow a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet.
If the prevention methods cannot help you get rid of the presence of dark circles, the dermatologists at the Freshness Center may resort to some other treatments, which include the following:
- topical creams
Bleaching creams can help reduce hyperpigmentation, and include:
- A combination of the two.
Some people need to use hydroquinone for at least 3 months to see a visible effect, as directed by their doctor.
- kojic acid
Recent studies have proven that this acid is effective in treating dark circles, and it is a natural product that comes from two types of fungi.
The dose specified by the dermatologist at the Freshness Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic and Laser in Hurghada should be used as it can cause some side effects.
These effects are contact dermatitis and redness of the skin.
- Azelaic acid
This acid is also used to treat hyperpigmentation under the eyes, and its main advantages include that it is safe for long-term use.
- topical vitamin c
10% Vitamin C Lotion treats dark circles for 6 months.
- chemical peeling
Chemical peels using alpha hydroxy acids, such as glycolic acid, can help lighten pigmentation under the eyes.
Some people may use topical creams in combination with chemical peels for better results.
- laser treatment
Lasers are an effective treatment for dark circles. Less invasive laser procedures such as pulsed dye or diode lasers may reduce the risk of scarring or other potential side effects.
- filler injections
Injecting platelet-rich plasma or hyaluronic acid gel into the area under the eyes is a possible option to get rid of dark circles.
A type of surgery called blepharoplasty can get rid of dark circles caused by fat deposits or excess skin around the eye area.
In conclusion, if you have concerns about the appearance of dark circles, you can consult dermatologists at the
Dermatology, cosmetic and laser freshness in Hurghada to know the available treatment options that are appropriate for your health condition.